How to Change a Flat Tire | Guide for Changing Tyres Yourself
There is nothing more frustrating than getting a flat tyre, especially when you need to get somewhere important. However, PitStopArabia feels that there is one more frustrating thing - not knowing how to change the flat tyre. Imagine suffering a flat tyre and not knowing how to replace it with your spare tire!
You will end up wasting a considerable amount of time and might have to call a car service provider to come and replace your tyre. Imagine the embarrassment and the extra cost! Keeping this in mind, PitStopArabia has decided to guide you on how to change your car tyre. Pay attention as this information will prove useful eventually.
Before discussing this, you must know that some cars do not come with a spare tyre anymore. Instead, manufacturers have put in place a tyre repair kit. We will discuss using a tire repair kit in another article as this article focuses on changing a car tire alone.
Also, a flat tire is not the only situation in which you might have to change your tire. Extraordinary damage which renders your original tire useless will also require you to change it immediately. Whatever the reason, the process of changing it is the same in all situations.
Safety Above All
Before doing anything else, ensure your safety. First, try your best to be far away from oncoming traffic as possible. If you are driving on a highway, head for the emergency lane. Afterwards, turn on the hazard lights. Put the car in parking (for automatic vehicles), pull the handbrake and then turn the engine off. Once done, open the trunk of your car.
Jacking the Car
Once you open the trunk, take out the jack and the spare tire. These are found under the trunk of your car. However, if you cannot find them, check out the owner's manual to know the exact location. SUVs, CUVS, and off-road vehicles usually have the spare on the outside of the rear door. In some cars, it is located on the roof or even inside the bonnet.
It is the reason PitStopArabia recommends checking the owner's manual. Once you find the spare and the jack, put them safely on the ground. The next step can be tiresome, but if you follow the steps carefully, you can do it without breaking a sweat.
Place the jack under the car. The exact location is mentioned in the owner’s manual. Most vehicles have a notch in the metal frame. It is where you should place the jack. Please keep in mind that if you put the jack under any other part and lift the vehicle, severe damage to the vehicle may occur.
Therefore, ensure that you are placing the jack under the right location. Once set correctly, start raising the jack until it supports the full weight of the car. Do not lift the wheel completely off the surface at this point.
Take Out the Nuts & Bolts
Gently remove the wheel trim once the above steps are done. Now you will see various nuts and bolts. Do not worry as your vehicle comes with all the necessary tools to remove these nuts and bolts. Underneath the floor of your truck, you will find a box that holds the vehicle’s wheel brace and locking nut adaptors.
In some vehicles, these may be placed tidily next to the spare instead of a box. Nevertheless, all necessary information is mentioned in the owner's manual. Start removing the nuts and bolts. Do not remove the one at the top. Once done, jack up the car so that the wheel is slightly lifted from the surface.
Now remove the nut and bolt at the top. Use both hands to remove the tire.
Installing the Spare Tyre
After removing it, it is time to install the spare. Lift the spare and place it against where the previous one was. Ensure that it lines up with the nuts and bolts of the wheel. Now one by one start to put on the nuts and bolts. Use your hands to tighten them as much as possible. Then use the same tools that you used to remove the nuts and bolts to tighten them fully.
Lower the jack to put the car back on the ground. Once down, again tighten the nuts and bolts. Place the wheel trim back. Finally, put away the punctured or damaged tire in the trunk along with all the other things.
Driving on A Spare Tyre
You are now good to drive away. Just ensure that you have turned off your hazard lights. Also, PitStopArabia feels that it is their duty to guide you about driving on the spare. Driving on it is not the same as driving on a normal tyre. For more information, please read this article.
If the spare is the same size as the original, there is nothing to worry about. However, since most manufacturers keep a small tyre for use as a spare, it is best to read the article mentioned above.
Moreover, when you drive on a spare, you may see your dashboards light coming on. There is no cause for worry as it is perfectly normal. Usually, the Tire Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) light comes on. Moreover, the ABS, gearbox and traction control components may not work correctly as well.
It is highly recommended that you get to your nearest service station or workshop to get the original tire repaired. Driving a long distance on a spare wheel is not recommended. If it is the same size as the original, you can continue driving normally. Nevertheless, get your punctured or damaged tyre repaired as quickly as possible.
We hope that this information is useful for the many people that do not know how to change their tyres. PitStopArabia highly encourages you to practice changing your tyres at least two times at your home. It will give you practical experience and will be useful when you need to change it in a real situation.